Layer Hens, Broiler Chickens, Day Old Chicks? – What kind of chicken farming should I do?
There are 3 sorts associated with chicken producing, four should one include the growers which concentrate upon breeding parent stock and grandparent stock. (these are breeders who supply old blood lines of chickens to the large chicken farms -they protect their bloodlines fiercely and are continuously looking to develop breeds of chickens that are better suited to the various kinds of poultry farming and the food and climate that affect the birds)
Typically commercial poultry farm owners will likely focus on one of the following three kinds of chicken farming. Every one of these types of production could be free range producing, organic farming as well as intensive chicken agriculture.
poultry battery cages
Broiler chicken production
This is the cultivating of chickens to get the meat. The cycle and time to be able to raise a bird from a day old chick up to a sell-able weight is usually Four — 6 weeks. Free range chickens will be put in the poultry house which is the same as intensive farming – but shall be allowed to forage outdoors. When it comes to intensive chicken farming the birds should be held within your chicken coop and typically approximately 12-15 hens a sq . meter.
Layer chickens for egg farming
Point of lay hens are usually bought at the age of eighteen weeks and are usually kept around 60 weeks , in this time period the hen will lay on average 0.8 eggs a day. With intensive egg farming all the hens will be kept in layer cages or battery cages. In free range egg agriculture or organically grown egg growing all of the point of lay hens will stay in a poultry house but enjoy access to open space and be permitted to forage naturally. Video of a layer chicken house.
Breeder farming shall have a hen coop which carries both cockrels as well as hens. The eggs shall be picked up everyday and taken to your hatchery. The major emphasis associated with this type of a farm is to produce day old birds for you to provide the chicken industry as well as farmers which will cultivate chickens to 18 weeks for egg farming.
For all 3 sorts of chicken farming all the basic farming procedures remain the same , Typically the poultry will require warmth, cooling, medicines, nutrition and water. Your breed of poultry is not really significant – all chickens require these basics. No matter whether it is a chicken coop holding 35000 birds or maybe a little poultry house for 100 hens the farmer is going to adopt all the similar principles. In large chicken houses diseases may spread really swiftly , and the losses, clearly, significantly larger.
pan feeding for poultry
Smaller producers are going to give food to the chickens by hand – sometimes employing tube feeders or perhaps scattering the feed by hand. laying growers will probably utilise a pan feeding system or maybe a chain feeding system. These types of feeding methods are fully automated and thus help make the procedure of supplying chickens feed very straight forward. All the food for automatic feeding systems would come from a silo.
Water for Chickens
Small-scale chicken farm owners will probably use either bell drinkers or founts in order to give the chicken with water. Sizeable producers can choose a nipple drinking method. Impex nipples are preferred by a large number of producers.
Heating a hen coop
Generally there are a variety of methods for heating the chicken coop – although laying hens may not really need heating inside very hot regions, day old chicks will certainly require heating. Propane gas heating units tend to be the very first solution for a large number of poultry growers. (Gasolec produces a excellent heating unit). Some other solutions can be electrical brooders that will use infrared lights and heatcos, that operate on coal.
Cooling your poultry house
Chicken fans for a poultry house. Big houses will have cooling fans in addition to winched curtains , smaller sized farm owners are going to also choose fans, but smaller sized. Typically the most efficient option for you to cool a poultry structure is by by making use of a good winched curtain system. The curtains operate along both lengths of the hen coop and so are able to be raised and lowered depending on the what is needed. Enclosed environment poultry houses do not utilize winched curtains only big fans and also water – very similar to air conditioning.
Most small-scale chicken farmers will certainly use a steel poultry houses primarily constructed for chickens – your laying coop probably will use laying cages for the purpose of egg production and also curtains which lower virtually all the way to the ground. Broiler poultry producers will grow their birds on the floors that is normally covered up using wood shavings. No matter what kind of poultry farming you plan to practice you are going to need to inoculate as well as medicate the birds – Organic hen farm owners are generally limited in what medication they may provide to their hens.
Lighting a hen coop
Lights are actually really necessary in just about any hen house, no matter if it is eggs, broilers or breeders. Lighting, if employed appropriately, will help you with production as well as body mass gain and loss. This probably will assist your laying hens to lay more and the broilers to actually eat more. A large number of small-scale poultry growers ignore this specific element, but for a moderately minimal outlay of cash the increase in production can be substantial. Free range and organic and natural hen agriculture will be controlled by the rules and they may not make use of lighting as effectively as intensive chicken farmers.
Different types of poultry equipment to make life easy
As with any enterprise , the bigger your production, the more techniques you search to reduce effort. Many alternative techniques that will assist farmers are things like mono rails that is a gantry that transports items such as feed, egg trays and medication. Large egg farmers may have an automatic egg grading device – a really clever, and costly, bit of machinery, that sorts, grades and also cleans your eggs in to weights , and then simply stores them in egg boxes. Computer systems play a sizable aspect in larger hen farming – managing feed, temperatures, drinking water and humidness. There are additionally systems just for de beaking hens (used during intensive poultry farming so that you can put a stop to your chickens injuring each other), systems for the slaughtering of poultry and also slicing and packaging the chicken into portions. Batch weighing machines are used to determine correct food portions for chicken houses – usually fed from a silo and into an automated chicken feeding system and to measure chicken food for a hen houses
What ever size grower you want to be, you really would do well to find out about all the equipment and methods that are available on the market today – technology moves very fast, and new equipment and techniques are being developed everyday. Knowing the way other farmers do this may end up being the difference between remaining in business and going out of business. Do not try and reinvent the wheel, look at what other farmers are doing and how they do it – search the net for poultry forums and you will find a wealth of information – most of it for free – and often given out by expert poultry farmers.